Tag Archives: South Korea

Dr Clo Disinfectant Sticks : Do They Work Against COVID-19?

Dr Clo Disinfectant Sticks : Do They Work Against COVID-19?

Dr Clo sterilisation sticks from South Korea are being marketed as a way to prevent COVID-19.

Let’s take a look at their claims, and find out what the FACTS really are!

 

Dr Clo Disinfectant Sticks : Chlorine Dioxide Sanitisers

Dr Clo disinfectant sticks, also known as Dr Clo sterilisation sticks, were developed by NON Corporation from South Korea.

Originally sold as a sanitising deodorant, it started being marketed as 99.9% effective against the COVID-19 virus, SARS-CoV-2.

That brought them a lot of attention, and many of our readers asked us to fact-check their claims. That was the basis of our original fact check.

 

Dr Clo Disinfectant Sticks : Claims Removed

Dr Clo Malaysia recently reached out to us, and explained that they made mistakes in their marketing materials.

Those mistakes have been corrected based on what I addressed in my original article, removing these claims :

  • 99.9% effective against COVID-19
  • Tested, verified and approved by US FDA
  • Disinfects a space of up to 16 feet in radius

However, Dr Clo Philippines continues to make the claims above, so we will address them below as well.

They also shared new test reports from Korea, to prove that Dr Clo is both safe and effective.

I would like to thank Mr. Ng Lyp Hau, the Director of Dr Clo Malaysia, for sharing the new information with us.

Let’s check out what’s changed and what’s new with Dr Clo Disinfectant Sticks!

 

Dr Clo Disinfectant Sticks : TLDR Summary

Here is a quick summary on Dr Clo disinfectant sticks :

  1. They are registered with the US FDA as a general purpose sanitiser.
  2. Class I refers to the low risk devices, not the quality or efficacy of the product.
  3. They were registered as 510(K) exempt from proving safety or efficacy, so they were not tested or approved by the US FDA.
  4. The KR Biotech lab test only proves that an aqueous chlorine dioxide solution can kill SARS-CoV-2 virus, not the actual chlorine dioxide gas released by the disinfectant sticks.
  5. The Seoul National University lab test showed that the chlorine dioxide gas they release inside a small sealed chamber can reduce SARS-CoV-2 virus load completely in one hour, .
  6. Their internal test shows that they emit between 0.01 and 0.02 ppm of chlorine dioxide, below the NIOSH / OSHA limit of 0.1 ppm for 8 hours.

There does not appear to be enough evidence to prove that the Dr Clo Disinfectant Sticks can protect you against COVID-19, and I’m glad to note that they have mostly removed this claim.

Happily, they also shared some evidence that the chlorine dioxide gas released is below the NIOSH / OSHA limit.

If you wish to purchase these sanitising deodorant sticks, you can do so at the official Dr Clo store.

Make sure you buy the original ones, because at least we know that they emit low levels of ClO2 gas.

 

Dr Clo Warning : Do NOT Hang It On Your Body!

According to the Dr Clo’s FAQ 2.0 (posted March 2021), Dr Clo is not meant for users to hang on their bodies. The correct way to use it is to place it indoors.

Yet many of Dr Clo influencers love showing how easy it is to strap it around their necks.

 

Dr Clo Disinfectant Sticks : Do They Work Against COVID-19?

Dr Clo made a number of claims about their disinfectant sticks, including being over 99.9% effective against the COVID-19 virus.

Let’s examine each claim, and see what the FACTS really are!

Claim #1 : Dr Clo Is US FDA Approved / Tested / Verified
Verdict : Registered, But Not Tested, Verified Or Approved

When we first fact-checked their claims, Dr Clo’s Facebook posts claimed that their sanitisation sticks were tested, verified and approved by the US FDA.

Dr Clo told us that it was a mistake, and they removed all references to US FDA approval, verification or testing.

However, a quick check revealed that at least their subsidiary in the Philippines continues to make this claim (here, here, here), as well as the Dr Clo official store.

So let us make it very clear – Dr Clo disinfectant sticks were NOT TESTED , NOT VERIFIED and NOT APPROVED by the US FDA.

Dr Clo was only registered as a 510(K) exempt general purpose disinfectant, with the Registered Establishment Number of 3013383068.

With the exception of certain reserved devices, the US FDA does NOT require Class I products to even prove that they are safe and effective.

As a 501(K) exempt device, “a premarket notification application and FDA clearance is not required before marketing the device“.

The US FDA only requires the manufacturer “to register their establishment“, which was what Dr Clo did.

Therefore, Dr Clo disinfectant sticks were registered, but not tested, verified or approved by the US FDA.

Claim #2 : Dr Clo Is Class 1 Medical Device
Verdict : Correct, Because It Doesn’t Require FDA Approval

Most people will assume that Class 1 products are superior to Class 2 or Class 3 products. That’s not true.

Dr Clo is a Class 1 product because it’s just a disinfectant, and therefore, does not require FDA testing or approval!

Class 1 products are those that are the least likely to pose a risk to our safety. Hence they generally do not require testing or approval by the US FDA. Examples of Class 1 products include :

  • Toothbrush – manual or electric
  • Tongue depressor
  • Bandages
  • Disinfectants

Class 2 products are those that pose more risk because they come into contact with your internal organs, or are diagnostic tools, etc. Examples of Class 2 products include :

  • Blood pressure cuffs
  • Pregnancy test kits
  • Syringes
  • Surgical gloves
  • Contact lenses

Class 3 products are those that either sustain / support life, are implanted, or could potentially pose risk of injury. Examples of Class 3 products include :

  • Breast implants
  • Pacemakers
  • Cochlear implants
  • Ventilation machines

Claim #3 : Dr Clo Is Medical Grade / Hospital Grade Disinfectant
Verdict : Not Until They Are US EPA Certified

Dr Clo claims that their disinfectant sticks are Hospital / Medical Grade Disinfectants. That would true, if their disinfectant sticks are registered with the US EPA.

This is important because hospital-grade disinfectants are certified based on DIS/TSS-1 Jan 22, 1982 EFFICACY DATA REQUIREMENTS Disinfectants for Use on Hard Surfaces.

At the very minimum, a hospital-grade disinfectant must be tested against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus, and their efficacy approved by the US EPA.

As per Dr Clo’s FAQ 2.0 (posted March 2021), their disinfectant sticks are not registered with the US EPA.

Claim #4 : Dr Clo Was Certified Effective Against COVID-19 Virus
Verdict : Only In Labs, Using Solution / Sealed Chamber

Konkuk University : Using Solution

In December 2020, NON Corporation announced that their Dr Clo disinfectant sticks were proven to be 99.9% effective against SARS-CoV-2, the COVID-19 virus.

This was based on a laboratory test conducted by KR Biotech Co. Ltd under the Institute of Infectious Disease Control of Konkuk University.

In that test, KR Biotech dissolved an entire Dr Clo disinfectant stick in 100 ml of warm water for 24 hours, to create an aqueous chlorine dioxide solution.

That concentrated chlorine dioxide solution reduced the SARS-CoV-2 virus titre (amount of virus) by 99.93% after just 30 seconds.

However, the actual Dr Clo disinfectant stick works by releasing small amounts of chlorine dioxide gas over 50 days, so the laboratory test was completely pointless.

The KR Biotech test results do not prove that the chlorine dioxide gas from Dr Clo disinfectant sticks can actually destroy the SARS-CoV-2 virus in the air, much less prevent you from getting infected.

Lots of things can kill the SARS-CoV-2 virus, including ordinary soap! But that does not mean these substances can effectively kill SARS-CoV-2, or prevent an infection, when dispersed into the air.

Seoul National University : Using Sealed Chamber

A month after we published our fact check on 3 February 2021, NON had Professor Cho Nam Hyuk from the Seoul National University test the efficacy of their Dr Clo sanitisation stick against the SARS-CoV-2 virus.

In that test, Professor Cho used a sealed chamber measuring 25 centimetres on each side, with a cubic capacity of 15.625 litres.

He ran two tests – one with a Dr Clo disinfectant stick attached to the top of the sealed chamber, and one without.

At first glance, the results are impressive, showing a steady drop of plaque-forming units (p.f.u.) with the Dr Clo disinfectant stick active in the sealed chamber.

After one hour, no more SARS-CoV-2 p.f.u. could be detected.

However, I have to point out a few troubling points about this study :

A. The sealed chamber is very small – measuring just 25 cm x 25 cm x 25 cm.

It would not be an accurate reflection of the real world discharge of the Dr Clo disinfectant stick, which promises a protective radius of 16 feet (4.88 metres).

The sealed chamber has a cubic capacity of 0.01562 m³ – much smaller than the rated protective volume of 17,157 cubic feet or 486 m³.

B. The Dr Clo disinfectant stick appeared to be activated for 16 hours, prior to the test.

That would have led to a very significant accumulation of chlorine dioxide within the sealed air chamber.

If true, it would not be an accurate reflection of the real world concentration of chlorine dioxide released by the Dr Clo disinfectant stick.

C. It took about 252 seconds for the chlorine dioxide gas to reduce the virus load in the air chamber by half.

While better than the baseline of 11 minutes, 4 minutes is still a long time because SARS-CoV-2 is a highly-contagious virus that infects in SECONDS.

A normal person takes about 12 to 20 breaths a minute. That’s an average of 67 breaths in the 4 minutes 12 seconds it takes for the chlorine dioxide gas to cut the viral load by half.

It does not appear that the chlorine dioxide gas from the Dr Clo disinfectant stick can destroy the SARS-CoV-2 virus fast enough to matter.

Claim #5 : Dr Clo Passed EU REACH SVHC Test
Verdict : Absolutely, Chlorine Dioxide Is Not Even In The List

To prove that Dr Clo is safe, NON Corporation had it tested by the Korea Testing and Research Institute (KTR) for toxins and carcinogens.

What KTR did was test the Dr Clo disinfectant sticks against the Candidate List of Substances of Very High Concern (SVHC) from the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA).

This is a red herring because the SVHC is a list of chemicals that are “carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic for reproduction“. In other words, it is limited to chemicals that could cause cancer.

Just because a chemical is not in that list, does NOT mean it is safe to breathe in.

In fact, the same ECHA warns that chlorine dioxide is dangerous, and can be fatal if inhaled, is toxic if swallowed, and can cause severe skin burns and eye damage.

The ECHA dossier for chlorine dioxide gas lists its LC50 (lethal concentration over 4 hours) at 32 ppm. In other words, it is considered a “very toxic” gas at 32 ppm.

The US FDA has also warned about the dangers of chloride dioxide, calling it “a powerful bleaching agent that has caused serious and potentially life-threatening side effects“.

But of course, it all boils down to the dose. After all, even oxygen and water can be toxic at high doses.

Claim #6 : Dr Clo Emits 0.01-0.02 ppm ClO2 – 10X Safer Than WHO Guidelines
Verdict : Not Quite, But Should Be Safe

WHO does not actually have guidelines for ClO2 gas limits. However, both NIOSH and OSHA in the United States set ClO2 exposure limits at 0.1 ppm (up to 8 hours).

Dr Clo shared with us a document on their internal measurement of chlorine dioxide, showing ClO2 readings of 0.01 ppm and 0.02 ppm.

That would certainly make it safe to breathe in, albeit not quite “10X safer”, because the NIOSH and OSHA exposure limits are based on an 8-hour work session.

While we have no reason to doubt the accuracy of their internal test, it would be good if Dr Clo can verify it with an independent test that they can release publicly.

It would also be good for Dr Clo to share with us the concentration of ClO2 gas over time inside a sealed gas chamber.

This would assure the public that there won’t be a dangerous build-up of chlorine dioxide gas inside their car, home or even the refrigerator.

 

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Malaysia Gets First Batch Of AstraZeneca COVID-19 Vaccine!

Malaysia just received the first batch of the AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine!

Find out this means for the COVID-19 vaccination program in Malaysia!

 

Malaysia Gets First Batch Of AstraZeneca COVID-19 Vaccine!

On 25 April 2021, the Malaysia Health Minister announced that the first batch of AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccines arrived at the Kuala Lumpur International Airport at 8:20 PM on Friday, 23 April 2021.

The 268,800 doses was purchased through the COVAX vaccine sharing scheme, and are enough to vaccinate 134,400 people.

These AstraZeneca vaccine doses were manufactured in South Korea by SK Bioscience, and approved for use in Malaysia on 2 April 2021.

This is a small fraction of the 6.4 million vaccine doses that Malaysia agreed to purchase from AstraZeneca in December 2020.

 

AstraZeneca Vaccine : A Quick Primer!

The AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine, codenamed AZD1222, is a viral vector vaccine.

It uses a chimpanzee adenovirus – ChAdOx1 – which has been modified to prevent replication, to introduce a DNA sequence of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein.

Once injected, the vaccine enters the cell and “teaches” it to produce the SARS-CoV-2 spike proteins and express them on its surface.

These spike proteins triggers the immune response to create antibodies that will protect you against the real SARS-CoV-2 virus.

 

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Malaysia Approves AstraZeneca Vaccine By SK Bioscience!

Malaysia has conditionally approved the AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine, manufactured by SK Bioscience!

Find out this means for the COVID-19 vaccination program in Malaysia!

 

Malaysia Approves AstraZeneca COVID-19 Vaccine By SK Bioscience!

On 2 April 2021, the Malaysia Ministry of Health announced that the AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine manufactured by SK Bioscience received conditional approval.

  1. AstraZeneca COVID-19 Vaccine Solution for Injection
    Registrant : None (under COVAX Facility)
    Manufacturer : SK Bioscience Co. Ltd., South Korea

This conditional approval would allow the AstraZeneca manufactured by SK Bioscience to be used in the Malaysia COVID-19 vaccination program.

 

AstraZeneca Vaccine : Why Second Approval In Malaysia?

Unlike the earlier conditional approval of the AstraZeneca vaccine manufactured in the Netherlands, these AstraZeneca vaccines are manufactured by SK Bioscience in South Korea and provided through the COVAX Facility.

Therefore, there is no Product Registration Holder (PRH) for these vaccines in Malaysia. The Malaysia Ministry of Health will instead appoint a licensed importer to manage the logistics.

The WHO had earlier issued an Emergency Use Listing (EUL) for this AstraZeneca-SK Biosience vaccine on 15 February 2021.

COVAX (COVID-19 Vaccines Global Access) is a global initiative to provide equitable access to COVID-19 vaccines.

The COVAX Facility is the platform by which this initiative purchases approved COVID-19 vaccines and distributes them to the developing world.

 

AstraZeneca Vaccine : A Quick Primer!

The AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine, codenamed AZD1222, is a viral vector vaccine.

It uses a chimpanzee adenovirus – ChAdOx1 – which has been modified to prevent replication, to introduce a DNA sequence of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein.

Once injected, the vaccine enters the cell and “teaches” it to produce the SARS-CoV-2 spike proteins and express them on its surface.

These spike proteins triggers the immune response to create antibodies that will protect you against the real SARS-CoV-2 virus.

 

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AirAsia Unlimited Pass Guide : Planning Your Travel!

If you have already purchased the AirAsia Unlimited Pass, here is a step-by-step guide on how to plan your travel and book your tickets using the AirAsia Unlimited Pass!

 

AirAsia Unlimited Pass Guide : Planning Your Travel!

As we pointed out earlier, the AirAsia Unlimited Pass is not for everyone. But if you are able to benefit from it, here is our guide on how to plan your travel and book your tickets.

Step 1 : Log into your BIG Member account.

Step 2 : Make sure your BIG Member profile name is exactly the same as the name in your passport.

Step 3 : If necessary, please change your profile name to match your passport.

You only have one (1) chance to change your name and you cannot change it once your first flight redemption is confirmed, so make sure you do it before redeeming your first flight!

Step 4 : Go to Deals and look at the My Purchases tab for your AirAsia Unlimited Pass.

If you cannot locate your Unlimited Pass after purchasing, check back after a few hours. If the problem persists, email AirAsia at support_deals@airasia.com.

Step 5 : Generate your Unique Code.

Step 6 : Click Apply Now, and the page will refresh to show a flight search page.

Step 7 : Select your destination and travel date.

The AirAsia Unlimited Pass allows you to redeem these flights :

  • From Kuala Lumpur (return) : Melbourne, Gold Coast, Perth, Sydney, Changsha, Chongqing, Chengdu, Hangzhou, Beijing, Shanghai, Wuhan, Xi’an, Amritsar, New Delhi, Ahmedabad, Sapporo (Chin Chitose), Osaka, Fukuoka, Tokyo (Haneda), Tokyo (Narita), Jeju, Seoul, Busan, Taipei

  • From Bangkok (return) : Brisbane, Shanghai, Sapporo (Chin Chitose), Osaka, Tokyo (Narita), Nogoya, Fukuoka, Seoul

  • Others (return) : Taipei – Osaka, Taipei – Okinawa, Osaka – Honolulu

Recommended : AirAsia Unlimited Pass : A Waste Of Money, Unless…

Flights with seats listed as 100% OFF are available to be booked by AirAsia Unlimited Pass holders.

If your selected flight has no 100% OFF sign, that means the AirAsia Unlimited Pass is NOT available for the selected date, or the selected date falls on the Embargo Period.

AirAsia defines the Embargo Period as a travel blackout period, during which you cannot use the Unlimited Pass. It includes these upcoming holidays in Malaysia :

Step 8 : Insert your Unique Code into the “Promo Code” field.

You will see the airport taxes and fees payable for that sector, with the total payable taxes and fees at the black box at the bottom for the return trip.

Here is a list of mandatory government taxes and fees for a 2-way return trip for available destinations :

Step 9 : Add your baggage, meals and seat allocations!

Step 10 : Complete your booking by paying the necessary taxes, fees and add-on fees.

 

AirAsia Unlimited Pass Guide : Warning!

AirAsia would like us to remind everyone that your Unlimited Pass cannot be returned, refunded or transferred.

They will also void your Unlimited Pass if you are no-show for 3 consecutive times for your confirmed flights.

So make sure you REALLY want to fly to those destinations on those dates before booking!

 

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AirAsia Unlimited Pass : A Waste Of Money, Unless…

The AirAsia Unlimited Pass promises UNLIMITED AIR TRAVEL to five countries, for a whole year!

But frankly speaking – the AirAsia Unlimited Pass is A WASTE OF MONEY, unless you fit a certain set of criteria.

Find out if you fit that small set of criteria, because if you don’t – do NOT sign up for the AirAsia Unlimited Pass!

 

AirAsia Unlimited Pass : What Is It?

Stung by the Airbus bribery scandal and the COVID-19 coronavirus crisis, the AirAsia Unlimited Pass promotion is their effort to stem the bleed.

From 29 February to 7 March 2020, AirAsia BIG Members can purchase the Unlimited Pass which would give them the right to purchase tickets to seven sectors, as many times as they wish – for a year :

  • Australia
  • Japan
  • Korea
  • China
  • Taiwan (only Taipei) *thanks for the heads-up, Goldfries!
  • India
  • United States (only Honolulu)

Recommended : AirAsia Unlimited Pass : Destinations + Embargo Periods!

That sounds like an AWESOME deal, doesn’t it? Who doesn’t want unlimited air flights to all five countries for a whole year?

However, AirAsia threw in so many caveats, the Unlimited Pass is almost useless… unless you are willing to put up with the hassle.

 

AirAsia Unlimited Pass : TLDR Advice

For those who don’t have the time to read, here is our quick summary of what you need to know :

  1. COVID-19 will prevent / discourage you from using the Unlimited Pass for many months.
  2. You are limited to flights over 4 hours, and only with the D7 or XJ carrier codes.
  3. You are NOT guaranteed tickets, because there are limited promo seats on each flight.
  4. The Unlimited Pass also may not apply during peak periods like weekends, public holidays and school holidays.
  5. Families should NOT bother with the Unlimited Pass. Holidays should be fun, not torture.
  6. You must be willing to book your ticket, and be seated, separately from anyone you are travelling with.
  7. It is best purchased and used by retirees, or singles / couples who have flexible working arrangements and can travel on working days.

 

AirAsia Unlimited Pass : Why It’s A Waste Of Money

Reason #1 : Remember COVID-19?

Four of those five countries are in the throes of fighting COVID-19, and it is unlikely that India won’t be affected soon. And the COVID-19 coronavirus is spreading, not receding.

So how likely do you think you will be travelling to those countries over the next 12 months, even if there is no travel ban?

IMHO, many people will not be travelling (voluntarily) to China, Korea, Japan and Australia in the next 6 monthsat the very least.

Reason #2 : You’re NOT Guaranteed A Flight

With tourism falling off the cliff over the next few months, not only will people cancel their flights, so will airlines.

Even if you are fearless, it doesn’t mean AirAsia will be fearless as well, or stupid enough to fly an almost empty plane just because you insist on flying.

As stated in their rules (see below), buying the Unlimited Pass does NOT guarantee you to a flight. It is up to them to decide whether you qualify for a flight to your destination.

Reason #3 : Severe Limitations On Tickets

It’s stated in their Q&A (conveniently located in a separate page) that :

  • tickets are limited, and not available for all flights or destinations, or time periods, especially public holidays, school breaks and weekends.
  • only long haul flights of over 4 hours with the carrier code D7 or XJ are allowed.
  • you can only buy it for direct flights, no connecting flights allowed.
  • every passenger must book the flight individually – you cannot book as a group, even if everyone has the Unlimited Pass.
  • you must be 12 years or older, and have your own BIG Member account.

These limitations are designed to reduce your ability to fly as often as you would like using the AirAsia Unlimited Pass. Families, for example, must be willing to be seated separately.

Unless you are single or a couple, and able to travel during work days, you may not even have the opportunity to use the AirAsia Unlimited Pass at all!

Recommended : AirAsia Unlimited Pass Guide : Planning Your Travel!

Reason #4 : Forced To Pay Full Price

Flying as a group will be problematic, because there are limited seats available for the Unlimited Pass.

What will likely happen is that a few members of your group will be able to use their Unlimited Pass, while the others will have to pay full price for their tickets.

The way out would be to split the group up, and fly on separate flights. But obviously, this makes travel much more of a hassle.

And remember – even if you get to fly out with the Unlimited Pass, you may not get to do so on the way back. You may have to pay full price, unless you are able and willing to adjust your return date according to what’s available for the Unlimited Pass.

Reason #5 : Fuel, Baggage + Other Fees

Even if you manage to several flights using the Unlimited Pass, they aren’t free. You will still need to cough up extra money for ancillary fees.

Budget airlines like AirAsia make a large percentage of their profits not from flight tickets, but from ancillary revenue – administrative fees, baggage fees, assigned seat fees, flight insurance, cancellations, documentation, meals, merchandise, fuel surcharges, etc.

In Q3 2019, almost a quarter of AirAsia’s revenue came from such ancillary sources – a whopping RM 686 million. And unlike revenue from flight tickets – they have relatively low costs – and so they contribute substantially to the airline’s PROFITS.

Frequent AirAsia travellers will also tell you that these ancillary fees often cost as much as, or even more, than the flight tickets!

 

AirAsia Unlimited Pass : Who Should Buy It?

Based on the severe restrictions AirAsia places on the Unlimited Pass, the best people to buy it should meet these requirements :

  • retired, single or a couple
  • able to travel on normal working days
  • would like to travel to those 5 countries
  • willing to put up with booking / travel hassles

Everyone else should not bother. Really. Travel should be fun, not a torture.

And we should point out that the target group above can often get free or heavily discounted flights on AirAsia without the Unlimited Pass. Thanks for the screenshots, Nigel!

So all the Unlimited Pass does is “force” you to travel more on AirAsia – they won’t make money from your flights, but they will make their money from your ancillary fees.

 

AirAsia Unlimited Pass : The Caveats

AirAsia conveniently lists the caveats of the Unlimited Pass in two sections in a separate Q&A page, which we have combined and summarised here (with our emphasis) :

  • It is only applicable on direct long haul flights of over 4 hours with carrier code D7 & XJ.
  • It excludes flights to Bali, Singapore, Jeddah and all Fly-thru routes. Embargo period applies.
  • Flight redemption is limited and may not be available for all flights, all destinations including public holidays, school breaks and weekends.
  • Promotions which are applicable for bookings made via airasia.com and AirAsia Mobile App are limited to regular base fare only and shall not include Premium Flex or Value Pack bundled category.
  • All applicable taxes, fees or charges imposed by the regulatory bodies must be paid at the time of purchase unless otherwise stated.
  • It is available for BIG Members within Malaysia who are at least 12 years of age on the date of departure and the passenger must be the BIG Member who made the booking. Each AirAsia Unlimited Pass is assigned to one (1) passenger only with one (1) BIG Member account.
  • You can only book for yourself, and cannot select multiple passengers using the AirAsia Unlimited Pass.
  • In the event any travel agency or party other than an individual BIG Member purchased the AirAsia Unlimited Pass and subsequently made flight bookings using the AirAsia Unlimited Pass, AirAsia shall have the right to cancel/forfeit such AirAsia Unlimited Pass and the flight bookings, without any liability on the part of AirAsia to such agency, third party or any passenger.
  • AirAsia reserves the right to cancel or forfeit your Unlimited Pass, if you miss more than three (3) flights.
  • The AirAsia Unlimited Pass cannot be sold, bartered, assigned or transferred to another person. Any attempt to transfer the AirAsia Unlimited Pass or book travel using the AirAsia Unlimited Pass for someone other than the holder of the AirAsia Unlimited Pass will result in immediate forfeiture of the AirAsia Unlimited Pass.
  • Upon purchasing the AirAsia Unlimited Pass, the passenger shall have the right to book and fly on AirAsia X and Thai AirAsia X flights to Australia, India, China, Korea and Japan for an unlimited number of times, subject to full and final payment of any applicable airport charges, taxes and regulatory fees, or other charges.
  • Use of the AirAsia Unlimited Pass will not earn any BIG Points, and flights flown using the AirAsia Unlimited Pass will not count towards any offers or bonuses. Redemption of BIG Points is also not allowed for the purchase of the AirAsia Unlimited Pass.
  • When purchasing the AirAsia Unlimited Pass, passengers must ensure their details in the BIG Member account (i.e. name and date of birth) are as per passport or identity card. These details will be used for booking during the redemption process.
  • The AirAsia Unlimited Pass is non-refundable.

 

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Samsung Galaxy A51 Contest : #AwesomeNyer!

Samsung is giving you the opportunity to win a trip to Korea and the Galaxy A51 in their new #AwesomeNyer contest! Here are the full details!

 

Samsung Galaxy A51 #AwesomeNyer Contest : The Prizes!

From 11 February to 12 March 2020, you can dance your way to a trip to Korea and a FREE Samsung Galaxy A51 smartphone!

Winners Prizes
4 x Grand Prize Winners One (1) Samsung Galaxy A51
One (1) economy class ticket to Korea
3 Days 2 Nights Hotel Accommodation
2 x Consolation Prize Winners One (1) Samsung Galaxy A51

 

Samsung Galaxy A51 #AwesomeNyer Contest : How To Win?

For a chance to win one of those six prizes, all you have to do is…

  1. Follow @SamsungMalaysia on Instagram
  2. Download the dance music here, or watch it on this YouTube video.
  1. Record a video of yourself performing the gestures perfectly!
  2. Post the video on your Instagram feed with the hashtags #AwesomeNyer #GalaxyA51 #danceAwesome and tag @SamsungMalaysia
  3. Make sure your Instagram profile is set to public!

The winners will be decided by :

  • the total number of Likes the video submission receives
  • the total number of votes by a panel of judges appointed by Samsung Malaysia

Each video submission will be judged according to the following criteria :

  • The ability to perform the gestures perfectly according to cues in the song
  • Creativity and originality of submission

 

Samsung Galaxy A51 #AwesomeNyer Contest : Terms + Conditions

Duration

The Samsung A Series: #AwesomeNyer Challenge (“Campaign”) will commence from 11 February 2020, 6pm to 12 March 2020, 11.59pm (“Campaign Period”).

Samsung Malaysia Electronics (SME) Sdn Bhd (interchangeably referred to as “Samsung” or “Organiser”) shall reserve the right to shorten or extend or cancel the Campaign Period at its sole discretion without any prior notice.

Samsung’s server is the official time- keeping device for this Campaign.

Eligibility

This Campaign is open to all Malaysians :

  • aged 18 years and above as stated on their NRIC/Passport (as of 10 February 2020); or
  • children aged 13 years and above but have not attained 18 years of age as stated on their NRIC/Passport (as of 11 February 2020)

By participating in this Campaign, each participant (interchangeably referred to as “Participant”, “You” or “Your”) agrees to be bound by these Terms and Conditions.

For Participants aged 13 years and above but have not yet attained 18 years of age, such Participant’s parent/guardian warrants and agrees that the Participant including his/her parent/guardian shall irrevocably be bound by these Terms and Conditions.

All rules and regulations and instructions issued by Samsung from time to time will be deemed incorporated in these Terms and Conditions. Samsung reserves the right to amend the Terms and Conditions at any time, without prior notice.

Employees or agents of the Organiser or any of its group companies or their families or households or anyone connected to this Campaign are not eligible to enter.

 

Samsung Galaxy A51 Price + Availability

The Samsung Galaxy A51 is available in three colour options – Prism Crush Black, Prism Crush White and Prism Crush Blue, with a fourth colour option of Prism Crush Pink in some countries.

It has a recommended retail price of RM 1,299 / ~S$436 / ~US$314 / ~£242 / ~A$467. Here are online purchase options :

 

Recommended Reading

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Samsung Presents Julian And His Magical Skates!

In view of the coming Olympic Winter Games PyeongChang 2018, Samsung prepared a short feature film entitled Julian and His Magical Skates, as a special tribute to Malaysia’s first national figure skater – Julian Yee. Amazingly, the entire video was recorded and illustrated on the Samsung Galaxy Note8, with its S Pen!

 

Samsung Presents Julian And His Magical Skates!

To Samsung, the phrase Do What You Can’t carries a very profound meaning – to never be complacent, to keep defying barriers, and ultimately achieving the impossible.

“Julian and His Magical Skates” is the telling of Julian’s journey to the Olympic Winter Games PyeongChang 2018, and a reiteration of Samsung’s “Do What You Can’t” message to inspire others to break barriers to fuel meaningful progress and realise their dreams.

Samsung jumped at the chance to support Julian Yee, because he is a prime example of what it means to Do What You Can’t. Against all odds, Julian is today an Olympic contender in a sport that isn’t even common in Malaysia.

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The Production Of The Video

The video was fully recorded and illustrated with the Samsung Galaxy Note8 and its S Pen.

Mr Chan Woei Hern, Executive Creative Director of Ensemble Worldwide Malaysia, who was commissioned to produce this brand film, shared that,

The best technologies are often the simplest ones. Like a pair of skates or the S Pen. Two seemingly ordinary tools, but in the right hands or in Julian’s case, feet, it can capture people’s attention and imagination.

As we heard Julian’s story, we wanted to get into the mood of Do What You Can’t as well. And that meant scripting, sketching and creating the story entirely from scratch with a Galaxy Note8 and S Pen.

That’s the magic of technology at work. We’ll be releasing a behind-the-scenes video soon, shot entirely on a Galaxy Note8 as well, so everyone can experience the journey as we brought the video to life.

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The South Korean Cyberattacks – From Military To ATM

Following a detailed malware analysis, Kaspersky Lab researchers have connected a 2016 cyberattack on South Korea’s defense agency with a later cyberattack that infected 60 ATMs and stole the data from over 2,000 credit cards. The malicious code and techniques used in both cyberattacks share similarities with earlier cyberattacks widely attributed to the infamous Lazarus group.

At the Kaspersky Lab Palaeontology of Cybersecurity conferenceSeongsu ParkSenior Security Researcher, Global Research & Analysis Team, APAC, detailed how Kaspersky GReAT researchers traced the disparate South Korean cyberattacks and found the similarities that connected them.

Don’t forget to check out the other Kaspersky Palaeontology of Cybersecurity presentations!

 

The South Korean Cyberattacks – From Military To ATM

In August 2016, a cyberattack on South Korea’s Ministry of National Defense infected around 3,000 hosts. The Defense Agency reported the incident publically in December 2016, admitting that some confidential information could have been exposed.

Six months later, at least 60 South Korean ATMs, managed by a single local vendor, were compromised with malware. The incident was reported by the Financial Security Institute and, according to the Financial Supervisory Service (FSS), resulted in the theft of the details of 2,500 financial cards and the illegal withdrawal in Taiwan of approximately US$ 2,500 from these accounts.

Kaspersky Lab researched the malware used in the ATM incident and discovered that the machines were attacked with the same malicious code used to hit the Korean Ministry of National Defense in August 2016. Exploring the connection between these attacks and earlier hacks, Kaspersky Lab has found similarities with the DarkSeoul malicious operations, and others, which are attributed to the Lazarus hacking group.

The commonalities include, among other things, the use of the same decryption routines and obfuscation techniques, overlap in command and control infrastructure, and similarities in code.

 

What Is The Lazarus Group?

Lazarus is an active cybercriminal group believed to be behind a number of massive and devastating cyberattacks worldwide including the Sony Pictures hack in 2014 and the $81 million Bangladesh Bank heist last year.

 

Preventive Measures

In order to reduce risk, Kaspersky Lab recommends implementing the following security measures:

  • Introduce an enterprise-wide fraud prevention strategy with special sections on ATM and internet banking security. Logical security, physical security of ATMs and fraud prevention measures should be addressed altogether as attacks are becoming more complex.[adrotate group=”2″]
  • Ensure you have a comprehensive, multi-layered security solution in place. For financial organizations, we recommend using specialized solutions with Default Deny and File Integrity Monitor capabilities such as Kaspersky Embedded Systems Security. These solutions can detect any suspicious activity within the payment devices infrastructure. We also recommend implementing network segmentation for ATM or POS devices.
  • Conduct annual security audits and penetration tests. It is better to let professionals find vulnerabilities than to wait for them to be found by cybercriminals.
  • Consider investing in threat intelligence so that you can understand the rapidly evolving and emerging threat landscape and can help your organization and customers to prepare. Find out more at intelreports@kaspersky.com.
  • Train your employees so they can better spot suspicious emails that could be the first stage of an attack.

Don’t forget to check out the other Kaspersky Palaeontology of Cybersecurity presentations!

Next Page > The South Korean Cyberattacks Presentation Slides

 

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The South Korean Cyberattacks Presentation Slides

Here is the complete set of slides from Seongsu Park’s presentation on the South Korean cyberattacks.

Don’t forget to check out the other Kaspersky Palaeontology of Cybersecurity presentations!

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Inaugural APAC Internet Governance Academy Launched

Seoul, South Korea – 62 youths from 14 Asia Pacific (APAC) economies are being groomed as future leaders as they attend the inaugural Asia Pacific Internet Governance Academy. Held at Yonsei University in Seoul, the five-day workshop on Internet governance and Internet-related topics was officially launched by the Korea Internet & Security Agency (KISA) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today.

The Academy aims to improve participants’ understanding of how the Internet works, the “bottom-up consensus building” model of Internet governance, which has helped shape the Internet as we know it today, and how they can take part in shaping the evolution of the Internet for the next generation.

“The Internet is not controlled by any single person, organization, or government. For the Internet to develop and cater to the needs of our region – of which half of the world’s Internet users reside – we need to get involved in the various platforms that discuss, develop and evolve the Internet,” said Jia-Rong Low, Vice President and Managing Director of ICANN’s Asia Pacific Hub.

“I would like to thank KISA and Korea for their partnership and leadership during the development and launch of this program. The next billion Internet users will likely come from our region, and today’s students are the leaders of tomorrow. We hope that after this academy, they can participate in ICANN, and other relevant platforms, to shape the future of the Internet,” Low added.

 

APAC Internet Governance Academy

The Academy will introduce participants to various Internet governance platforms, such as the Asia Pacific Regional Internet Governance Forum (APrIGF), as well as organizations involved in Internet governance work. Speakers from these organizations, such as the Korea Internet Governance Alliance (KIGA), Asia Pacific Network Information Center (APNIC) and Internet Society (ISOC), will share their experiences and work.

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Yoonhong Cho, Vice President of KISA added, “I am very delighted to see the KISA-ICANN joint project on capacity building for the Asia Pacific region bear such fruitful results, in the form of APIGA. In partnering with ICANN and with the strong support and significant contribution from our 11 sponsor organizations, I believe that the inaugural Asia Pacific event will be fully utilized as an incubating platform for the next generation of global leaders for the future Internet.”

ICANN and KISA received more than 120 applications from all over the APAC region. Successful applicants are required to attend 25 hours of online learning prior to the five-day workshop in Seoul. After the Academy, they will be invited to participate in regional and global Internet governance events, such as the 57th ICANN public meeting, which is being held in Hyderabad, India, from 3-9 November 2016.

The academy is also an extension of ICANN’s youth engagement program, which aims to reach out to the next generation and groom future leaders. Another program is NextGen@ICANN, which is held on the sidelines of ICANN Public Meetings.

 

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