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The BitScout Free Cyber Forensics Tool Revealed!

At the end of his Palaeontology of Cyberattack keynote, the Kaspersky APAC Director of GReAT, Vitaly Kamluk, announced the public availability of his cyber forensics tool – BitScout. This is a free and open-source tool that can be used for the remote forensic investigation or collection of data from a compromised system, without risk of contamination or loss of data.

Don’t forget to check out the other Kaspersky Palaeontology of Cybersecurity presentations!

 

The BitScout Cyber Forensics Tool

BitScout was “created independently of the Kaspersky Lab product line” and is “outside [the] scope of [the] company’s business operation“. Vitaly intended for the BitScout tool to be used by cybersecurity researchers, high-tech crime units of law enforcement agencies (LEA), as well as educational institutions.

Legitimate owners of compromised systems may cooperate and help security researchers find the infection vector or other details about the attackers. However, it is a longstanding concern the need for security researchers to travel long distances to collect crucial evidence (e.g. malware samples) from infected computers can result in expensive and delayed investigations.

The longer it takes for an attack to be understood, the longer it is before users are protected and perpetrators identified. However, the alternatives have either involved expensive tools and a knowledge of how to operate them, or the risk of contaminating or losing evidence by moving it between computers.

To solve the problem, security researchers can now use BitScout to remotely collect key forensic materials, acquire full disk images via the network or locally attached storage, or simply remotely assist in malware incident handling. Evidence data can be viewed and analyzed remotely or locally while the source data storage remains intact through reliable container-based isolation.

 

The BitScout Advantage

Kaspersky Lab experts work closely with law enforcement agencies across the world to help in the technical analysis of cyber investigations. This gives them a unique insight into the challenges LEA personnel face when fighting modern cybercrime.

The cybersecurity landscape is now so complex and sophisticated that investigators need tools that can adapt and scale to the demands of the job. BitScout is a good example of this. It can be adjusted to the particular needs of an investigator, and improved and upgraded with additional features and custom software.

Most importantly it comes free of charge, based on open-source solutions and is fully transparent: instead of relying on third party tools with proprietary code, experts can use the Bitscout open-source code to build their own swiss-army knife for digital forensics. The list of BitScout features includes:[adrotate group=”2″]

  •  Disk image acquisition even with un-trained staff
  •  Training people on the go (shared view-only terminal session)
  •  Transferring complex pieces of data to your lab for deeper inspection
  •  Remote Yara or AV scanning of offline systems (essential against rootkits)
  •  Search and view registry keys (autoruns, services, plugged USB devices)
  •  Remote file carving (recovering deleted files)
  •  Remediation of the remote system if access is authorized by the owner
  •  Remote scanning of other network nodes (useful for remote incident response)

BitScout is freely available at Vitaly Kamluk’s GitHub code repository here.

Don’t forget to check out the other Kaspersky Palaeontology of Cybersecurity presentations!

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The Palaeontology of Cyberattacks by Vitaly Kamluk

Vitaly Kamluk is the Director of Global Research & Analysis Team (GReAT), Kaspersky Lab APAC. He has been involved in malware research at Kaspersky Lab since 2005. At the Kaspersky Lab Palaeontology of Cybersecurity conference, he gave the keynote speech on The Palaeontology of Cyberattacks.

He shared how Kaspersky Labs performed digital forensics, literally the palaeontology of digital monsters, to trace their creators and to learn how to shut them down. He also took the opportunity to officially announce the release of his open source, free remote forensics tool called BitScout.

Don’t forget to check out the other Kaspersky Palaeontology of Cybersecurity presentations!

 

The Palaeontology of Cyberattacks by Vitaly Kamluk

The Director of the APAC Kaspersky GReAT (Global Research & Analysis Team), Vitaly Kamluk, details how Kaspersky Lab dissect cyberattacks so they can take down their infrastructure and alert victims. He also talks about BitScout – the open source digital tool he created to analyse and investigate these cyberattacks.

Here are the key takeaway points :

  • Stuxnet is an example of how malware can affect and even destroy objects in the real world.
  • Digital forensics is important because only by learning from the past can we prevent it from repeating in the future.
  • The art of tracing these cyberattacks takes time and involves multiple stages like :
    • Add detection for known modules and collect new samples
    • Reverse engineer the samples
    • Decrypt sophisticated encryption and compression schemes
    • Understand the lateral movement of the attacker
    • Outline multiple attack stages in the correct order
    • Map the command and control (C&C) infrastructure
    • Set up sinkholes – servers that they can redirect victims to, and analyse the collected traffic and protocols
    • Crawl other hosts that understand the same protocols, to check if they have been compromised as well
    • Take down and acquire images of the C&C servers to identify the attackers
    • Identify victims, send out notifications to warn them, and alert global CERTs
    • Apply forensics and extract logs, stolen files, etc.
    • Collect and analyse data from all sources
    • Write a comprehensive report
  • Zero day (0-day) vulnerabilities or exploits are rare and valuable. For example, one iOS 0-day exploit was priced at US$1.5 million.
  • Even old exploits (like the Silverlight 0-day) that have been exposed years ago are still usable, because not everyone updates their operating system.
  • In the case of the Silverlight exploit, Kaspersky Lab used signature code snippets from the creator’s own public code samples to identify a new 0-day Silverlight exploit that he created as well.
  • Vitaly also shared how Kaspersky Lab tracked the Lazarus group, which was famous for its theft of $81 million from the Central Bank of Bangladesh last year (February 2016).
  • Kaspersky Lab found several artefacts that pointed to a Korean origin, including proof that at least one of the computers used in developing the malware was using a Korean version of Windows.
  • They also identified false flag attempts to pin the exploit code on Russian developers using crude Russian phrases and a commercial Russian software protector.[adrotate group=”2″]
  • Kaspersky Lab also discovered that the Lazarus group used a testing bot that was located in a North Korean server.
  • Because attribution of any cyberattack is difficult, Kaspersky Lab believes there should be better cooperation between cybersecurity companies and the police and the private sector.
  • Therefore, Kaspersky Lab is officially releasing a tool that Vitaly Kamluk himself developed – BitScout – to help them with their investigations.
  • BitScout is an open-source tool that is free for anyone to perform remote forensics on a compromised system.
  • Using virtualisation, BitScout allows a cybersecurity expert to trace and detect malware in a compromised system without making any changes to the storage drives, preserving the legal chain of custody and avoiding the perception of possible tampering with the data.

Don’t forget to check out the other Kaspersky Palaeontology of Cybersecurity presentations!

Next Page > The Palaeontology of Cyberattacks Presentation Slides

 

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The Palaeontology of Cyberattacks Presentation Slides

Here is the complete set of slides from Vitaly Kamluk’s presentation on the Palaeontology of Cyberattacks

Don’t forget to check out the other Kaspersky Palaeontology of Cybersecurity presentations!

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If you like our work, you can help support our work by visiting our sponsors, participating in the Tech ARP Forums, or even donating to our fund. Any help you can render is greatly appreciated!