Did the Black Friday shopping phenomenon start with the sale of slaves after the Thanksgiving holiday?
Take a look at the viral claim, and find out what the FACTS really are!
Black Friday Origins : Selling Of Slaves After Thanksgiving?
Photos of slaves being sold in the United States are circulating on WhatsApp, Facebook and Twitter as evidence that the term “Black Friday” originated with the practice of selling slaves after the Thanksgiving holiday.
The term “Black Friday” originated with the practice of selling off [sic] slaves on the day after Thanksgiving.
Now, do we really need to embrace this kind of torture? Or we are such foolish, that we don’t even research what is this so-called Black Friday and we become so exciting on something like this?
Truth : Black Friday Nothing To Do With Sale Of Slaves
The truth is – this is yet another example of FAKE NEWS circulating on social media and messaging apps like WhatsApp.
Fact #1 : Black Friday Term Was First Used In 1950s
The earliest known use of the term Black Friday to refer to a particular day after the American Thanksgiving holiday can be traced back to the November 1951 edition of the journal, Factory Management and Maintenance, which referred to the practice of workers calling in sick on the day after Thanksgiving, to get a four-day weekend.
Around the same time (in the 1950s), Philadelphia and Rochester police were also using the terms Black Friday and Black Saturday to describe crowds and traffic congestion at the start of the Christmas shopping season.
Fact #2 : Black Friday Refers To Busiest Shopping Day In America
The term did not catch on until The New York Times referred to Black Friday as “the busiest shopping and traffic day of the year” on 29 November 1975.
It became more popular in the early 1980s, and The Philadelphia Inquirer explained Black Friday in 1981 as the day when retailers would no longer be “in the red”, and would finally start making money.
Since 2005, Black Friday has been the busiest shopping day of the year in the United States.
Fact #3 : Black Friday Had Nothing To Do With Sale Of Slaves
It may seem silly but we have to say it – the term Black Friday has nothing to do with the sale of slaves after Thanksgiving. It doesn’t even make sense!
America’s history with slaves is long and tortured, and extensively covered. Slaves were bought and sold throughout the year, and not on a particular Friday after the Thanksgiving holiday.
Just in case you are wondering – no, there was no discount on slaves being sold right after the Thanksgiving holiday.
Note : We added the FALSE overlay to prevent the pictures from being further abused.
Fact #4 : Slavery Ended In The US In 1865
President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on 1 January, 1863 – effectively making all slaves legally free.
However, it took the end of the American Civil War in 1865, to enforce the Emancipation Proclamation throughout the entire United States of America.
On 6 December 1865, Federal troops arrived in Galveston, Texas to enforce the emancipation. That day is now celebrated as a national holiday in 2021 – the Juneteenth National Independence Day.
Therefore, the poster showing slaves being sold in 1904 at a Black Friday sale in America is categorically false.
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Dr. Adrian Wong has been writing about tech and science since 1997, even publishing a book with Prentice Hall called Breaking Through The BIOS Barrier (ISBN 978-0131455368) while in medical school.
He continues to devote countless hours every day writing about tech, medicine and science, in his pursuit of facts in a post-truth world.
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