The upcoming Trump-Putin summit aside, Kaspersky Lab is pushing forward with their Global Transparency Initiative. What is the Kaspersky Global Transparency Initiative? And how does it help guarantee that Kaspersky Lab products and services are safe to use?
We explain it all, with a little help from Stephan Neumeier and Oleg Abdurashitov from Kaspersky Lab!
The Kaspersky Global Transparency Initiative
The Kaspersky Global Transparency Initiative began in October 2017, as a way to allay fears that Kaspersky Lab products and services had backdoors built-in. It was really an extension of Eugene Kaspersky’s offer to show Kaspersky Lab source codes to the US government.
July 2017 : Eugene Kaspersky Offers Source Codes To US Government
In response to the US government’s prohibition on the use of Kaspersky Lab products, Eugene Kaspersky offered to make Kaspersky Lab source codes available to the US government for inspection.
Oct. 2017 : Source Codes Available For Inspection
In the initial version, Kaspersky Lab offered to :
- make their source codes available for independent review and evaluation,
- conduct an independent assessment of their software development and supply chain,
- establish three Transparency Centers in Asia, Europe and the US.
- increase bug bounty awards to US$100,000
We immediately pointed out that it did not address a major concern of the US government – that data is still being routed through Russian Internet service providers that are subject to the Russian intelligence surveillance system called SORM (System of Operative-Investigative Measures).
Kaspersky Lab maintained that customer data sent to their Russian servers are encrypted, and they do not decrypt them for the Russian government. But it would be impossible for them to prove that to anyone’s satisfaction.
May 2018 : Core Operations Moves To Switzerland
Last month, Kaspersky Lab announced that they are establishing a data center in Zurich by the end of 2019. This facility will store and process all information for users in Europe, North America, Singapore, Australia, Japan and South Korea, with more countries to follow.
The Kaspersky Switzerland facility will :
- store and process customer data of select countries outside of Russia
- host Kaspersky’s software build conveyer that will assemble and digitally-sign the final executable files and updates
- serve as the first Kaspersky Transparency Center.
In addition, Kaspersky will be arranging for a qualified and independent third-party to review and supervise the data storage, processing, software assembly and source codes at this Zurich facility.
The very act of moving their customer data out of Russia to a neutral country finally removes our main criticism of their initial transparency initiative. Now, no one has to worry about sensitive data being transmitted through the Russian SORM intelligence surveillance system.
The Kaspersky Global Transparency Initiative Going Forward
The establishment of the Swiss datacenter is merely another phase in the long process of “earning trust”, as Stephan Neumeier called it. Eventually, customer data from most countries outside of Russia will move to that datacenter.
By the end of 2018, all Kaspersky Lab products and threat detection rule databases (AV databases) will be assembled and signed with a digital signature in Switzerland, before being distributed to customers worldwide. All newly assembled software will also be verified by an independent organization, certifying that software builds and updates received by customers match the source code provided for audit.
The next step would be the establishment of two more Transparency Centers – one in Asia, and another one in North America. Singapore and Canada are probable favourites.
Perhaps A Backdoor Bounty?
We would suggest that perhaps Kaspersky Lab should establish an independent backdoor bounty program, separate from their current bug bounty.
A large sum of money could be placed in escrow, under an independent and competent third-party, which can freely investigate and reward security researchers who can successfully prove the existence of a backdoor in any Kaspersky product or service.
That would go a long way into shoring up trust of those who have neither the financial nor the technical capabilities to visit a Kaspersky Transparency Center and peruse millions of lines of code.
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