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BIOS Option Of The Week - AGP Aperture Size
Since 1999, we have been developing the BIOS Optimization Guide, affectionately known... Read here
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BIOS Option Of The Week - AGP Aperture Size
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BIOS Option Of The Week

Since 1999, we have been developing the BIOS Optimization Guide, affectionately known as the BOG. From a meager beginning of a single page, it now covers over 440 BIOS options. As old BOG readers will know, we started offering two editions of the BOG since Revision 8.0 - a simplified edition and the complete edition.

In the simplified edition, the description of each BIOS option in this guide is condensed and written in a simplified format. This simplified edition is not a sampler or demo version of the complete BIOS Optimization Guide. It is merely a simplified version with all the essential points and minus the frills.

The complete edition, on the other hand, features both simplified descriptions as well as full details of each BIOS option. This allows you to quickly get the gist of what each BIOS option mean and delve deeper into the details if you wish to learn more about it.

Normally, the complete edition is only available to subscribers who help sponsor the development of the guide through a small fee. However, that changes today! From now on, we will post a BIOS option from the complete edition of the BIOS Optimization Guide every weekend. We hope this will help you improve your knowledge of BIOS options. If you find the guide useful, be sure to tell your friends!

This week, we will be taking a look at the AGP Aperture Size BIOS option.

 

AGP Aperture Size

Common Options : 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256

Quick Review

This BIOS feature does two things. It selects the size of the AGP aperture and it determines the size of the GART (Graphics Address Relocation Table).

The aperture is a portion of the PCI memory address range that is dedicated for use as AGP memory address space while the GART is a translation table that translates AGP memory addresses into actual memory addresses which are often fragmented. The GART allows the graphics card to see the memory region available to it as a contiguous piece of memory range.

Host cycles that hit the aperture range are forwarded to the AGP bus without need for translation. The aperture size also determines the maximum amount of system memory that can be allocated to the AGP graphics card for texture storage.

Please note that the AGP aperture is merely address space, not actual physical memory in use. Although it is very common to hear people recommending that the AGP aperture size should be half the size of system memory, that is wrong!

The requirement for AGP memory space shrinks as the graphics card's local memory increases in size. This is because the graphics card will have more local memory to dedicate to texture storage. So, if you upgrade to a graphics card with more memory, you shouldn't be "deceived" into thinking that you will need even more AGP memory! On the contrary, a smaller AGP memory space will be required.

It is recommended that you keep the AGP aperture around 64 MB to 128 MB in size, even if your graphics card has a lot of onboard memory. This allows flexibility in the event that you actually need extra memory for texture storage. It will also keep the GART (Graphics Address Relocation Table) within a reasonable size.

 

Details

This BIOS feature does two things. It selects the size of the AGP aperture and it determines the size of the GART (Graphics Address Relocation Table).

The aperture is a portion of the PCI memory address range that is dedicated for use as AGP memory address space while the GART is a translation table that translates AGP memory addresses into actual memory addresses which are often fragmented. The GART allows the graphics card to see the memory region available to it as a contiguous piece of memory range.

Host cycles that hit the aperture address range are forwarded to the AGP bus without need for translation. The aperture size also determines the maximum amount of system memory that can be allocated to the AGP graphics card for texture storage.

The AGP aperture size is calculated using this formula :-

AGP Aperture Size = (Maximum usable AGP memory size x 2) + 12MB

As you can see, the actual available AGP memory space is less than half the AGP aperture size set in the BIOS. This is because the AGP controller needs a write combined memory area equal in size to the actual AGP memory area (uncached) plus an additional 12 MB for virtual addressing.

Therefore, it isn't simply a matter of determining how much AGP memory space you need. You also need to calculate the final aperture size by doubling the amount of AGP memory space desired and adding 12 MB to the total.

Please note that the AGP aperture is merely address space, not actual physical memory in use. It doesn't lock up any of your system memory. The physical memory is allocated and released as needed whenever Direct3D makes a "create non-local surface" call.

Windows 95 (with VGARTD.VXD) and later versions of Microsoft Windows use a waterfall method of memory allocation. Surfaces are first created in the graphics card's local memory. When that memory is full, surface creation spills over into AGP memory and then system memory. So, memory usage is automatically optimized for each application. AGP and system memory are not used unless absolutely necessary.

Unfortunately, it is very common to hear people recommending that the AGP aperture size should be half the size of system memory. However, this is wrong for the same reason why swapfile size should not be fixed at 1/4 of system memory. Like the swapfile, the requirement for AGP memory space shrinks as the graphics card's local memory increases in size. This is because the graphics card will have more local memory to use for texture storage!

This reduces the need for AGP memory. Therefore, when you upgrade to a graphics card with more memory, you shouldn't be "deceived" into thinking that you will need even more AGP memory! On the contrary, a smaller AGP memory space will be required.

If your graphics card has very little graphics memory (4 MB - 16 MB), you may need to create a large AGP aperture, up to half the size of the system memory. The graphics card's local memory and the AGP aperture size combined should be roughly around 64 MB. Please note that the size of the aperture does not correspond to performance! Increasing it to gargantuan proportions will not improve performance.

Still, it is recommended that you keep the AGP aperture size around 64MB to 128MB. Now, why should we use such a large aperture size when most graphics cards come with large amounts of local memory? Shouldn't we set it to the absolute minimum to save system memory?

  1. First of all, setting it to a lower memory won't save you memory! Don't forget that all the AGP aperture size does is limit the amount of system memory the AGP bus can appropriate whenever it needs more memory. It is not used unless absolutely necessary. So, setting the AGP aperture size to 64 MB doesn't mean that 64 MB of your system memory will be appropriated and reserved for the AGP bus' use. What it does it limit the AGP bus to a maximum of 64 MB of system memory when the need arises.
     
  2. Next, most graphics cards require an AGP aperture of at least 16 MB in size to work properly. Many new graphics cards require even more. This is probably because the virtual addressing space is already 12 MB in size! So, setting the AGP Aperture Size to 4 MB or 8 MB is a big no-no.
     
  3. We should also remember that many software have AGP aperture size and texture storage requirements that are mostly unspecified. Some applications will not work with AGP apertures that are too small. And some games use so much textures that a large AGP aperture is needed even with graphics cards with large memory buffers.
     
  4. Finally, you should remember that the actual available AGP memory space is less than half the size of the AGP aperture size you set. If you want just 15 MB of AGP memory for texture storage, the AGP aperture has to be at least 42 MB in size! Therefore, it makes sense to set a large AGP aperture size in order to cater for all eventualities.

Now, while increasing the AGP aperture size beyond 128 MB won't take up system memory, it would still be best to keep the aperture size in the 64 MB-128 MB range so that the GART (Graphics Address Relocation Table) won't become too big. The larger the GART gets, the longer it takes to scan through the GART and find the translated address for each AGP memory address request.

With local memory on graphics cards increasing to incredible sizes and texture compression commonplace, there's really not much need for the AGP aperture size to grow beyond 64 MB. Therefore, it is recommended that you set the AGP Aperture Size to 64 MB or at most, 128 MB.

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Date

Revision

Revision History

01-12-2008

1.0

Covered the Intel Turbo Mode Tech BIOS option.

07-12-2008

1.1

Covered the DRDY Timing BIOS option.

14-12-2008

1.2

Covered the ACPI 2.0 Support BIOS option.

21-12-2008

1.3

Covered the Overclock Recovery BIOS option.

28-12-2008

1.4

Covered the EXT-P2P's Discard Time BIOS option.

04-01-2009

1.5

Covered the Graphics Aperture Size BIOS option.

11-01-2009

1.6

Covered the Memory DQ Drive Strength BIOS option.

18-01-2009

1.7

Covered the PCI-E Maximum Payload Size BIOS option.

25-01-2009

1.8

Covered the Max Async Latency BIOS option.

01-02-2009

1.9

Covered the Chipkill BIOS option.

08-02-2009

2.0

Covered the PCI Delay Transaction BIOS option.

15-02-2009

2.1

Covered the MAC Media Interface BIOS option.

22-02-2009

2.2

Covered the Digital Locked Loop (DLL) BIOS option.

01-03-2009

2.3

Covered the PCI-E Max Read Request Size BIOS option.

08-03-2009

2.4

Covered the DBI Output for AGP Trans. BIOS option.

15-03-2009

2.5

Covered the V-Link Mode Selection BIOS option.

21-03-2009

2.6

Covered the Errata 94 Enhancement BIOS option.

28-03-2009

2.7

Covered the Errata 123 Enhancement BIOS option.

05-04-2009

2.8

Covered the Dynamic Idle Cycle Counter BIOS option.

11-04-2009

2.9

Covered the Gate A20 Option BIOS option.

20-04-2009

3.0

Covered the Split Lock Operations BIOS option.

26-04-2009

3.1

Covered the DOS Flat Mode BIOS option.

03-05-2009

3.2

Covered the FPU OPCODE Compatible Mode BIOS option.

10-05-2009

3.3

Covered the LD-Off Dram RD/WR Cycles BIOS option.

17-05-2009

3.4

Covered the Odd Divisor Correct BIOS option.

24-05-2009

3.5

Covered the No-Execute Memory Protect BIOS option.

31-05-2009

3.6

Covered the ISA Enable Bit BIOS option.

07-06-2009

3.7

Covered the Interrupt 19 Capture BIOS option.

14-06-2009

3.8

Covered the Internal Graphics Mode Select BIOS option.

28-06-2009

3.9

Covered the PCI 2.1 Compliance BIOS option.

05-07-2009

4.0

Covered the SATA AHCI Mode BIOS option.

12-07-2009

4.1

Covered the L1 Data Cache Context Mode BIOS option.

09-08-2009

4.2

Covered the Maximum Read Request Size BIOS option.

16-08-2009

4.3

Covered the Delay DRAM Read Latch BIOS option.

23-08-2009

4.4

Covered the No Mask of SBA FE BIOS option.

29-08-2009

4.5

Covered the CPU Fast String BIOS option.

06-09-2009

4.6

Covered the CPUID Maximum Value Limit BIOS option.

19-09-2009

4.7

Covered the CPU Hardware Prefetch BIOS option.

27-09-2009

4.8

Covered the CPU/DRAM CLK Synch CTL BIOS option.

04-10-2009

4.9

Covered the CPU Drive Strength BIOS option.

18-10-2009

5.0

Covered the CPU Direct Access FB BIOS option.

24-10-2009

5.1

Covered the CPU Adjacent Sector Prefetch BIOS option.

01-11-2009

5.2

Covered the Compatible FPU OPCODE BIOS option.

08-11-2009

5.3

Covered the Clock Throttle BIOS option.

15-11-2009

5.4

Covered the Byte Merge BIOS option.

21-11-2009

5.5

Covered the Burn-In Mode BIOS option.

29-11-2009

5.6

Covered the Boot To OS/2 BIOS option.

06-12-2009

5.7

Covered the Boot Up Floppy Seek BIOS option.

13-12-2009

5.8

Covered the Auto Turn Off PCI Clock Pin BIOS option.

20-12-2009

5.9

Covered the Athlon 4 SSED Instruction BIOS option.

27-12-2009

6.0

Covered the ATA(PI) 80-Pin Cable Detection BIOS option.

02-01-2010

6.1

Covered the AT Bus Clock BIOS option.

17-01-2010

6.2

Covered the Assign IRQ For VGA BIOS option.

24-01-2010

6.3

Covered the ASF Support BIOS option.

31-01-2010

6.4

Covered the APIC Function BIOS option.

07-02-2010

6.5

Covered the Anti-Virus Protection BIOS option.

14-02-2010

6.6

Covered the Anti-Dot Crawl BIOS option.

21-02-2010

6.7

Covered the AGPCLK / CPUCLK BIOS option.

07-03-2010

6.8

Covered the AGP to DRAM Prefetch BIOS option.

14-03-2010

6.9

Covered the AGP Secondary Lat Timer BIOS option.

21-03-2010

7.0

Covered the AGP Read Synchronization BIOS option.

11-04-2010

7.1

Covered the AGP Prefetch BIOS option.

01-05-2010

7.2

Covered the AGP Performance Control BIOS option.

09-05-2010

7.3

Covered the AGP/PCI Burn-in Mode BIOS option.

16-05-2010

7.4

Covered the AGP ISA Aliasing BIOS option.

23-05-2010

7.5

Covered the AGP Driving Value BIOS option.

30-05-2010

7.6

Covered the AGP Driving Control BIOS option.

06-06-2010

7.7

Covered the AGP Drive Strength BIOS option.

13-06-2010

7.8

Covered the AGP Always Compensate BIOS option.

21-06-2010

7.9

Covered the AGP 3.0 Calibration Cycle BIOS option.

27-06-2010

8.0

Covered the Adjacent Cache Line Prefetch BIOS option.

04-07-2010

8.1

Covered the ACPI SRAT Table BIOS option.

11-07-2010

8.2

Covered the Act Bank A to B CMD Delay BIOS option.

18-07-2010

8.3

Covered the ACPI APIC Function BIOS option.

25-07-2010

8.4

Covered the 2T Command BIOS option.

31-07-2010

8.5

Covered the XD Technology BIOS option.

08-08-2010

8.6

Covered the Write Recovery Time BIOS option.

15-08-2010

8.7

Covered the Write Data In to Read Delay BIOS option.

29-08-2010

8.8

Covered the Write CAS Latency (Twcl) BIOS option.

05-09-2010

8.9

Covered the Watchdog Timer BIOS option.

12-09-2010

9.0

Covered the Watch Dog Timer Select BIOS option.

26-09-2010

9.1

Covered the Video RAM Cacheable BIOS option.

10-10-2010

9.2

Covered the Video Memory Cache Mode BIOS option.

17-10-2010

9.3

Covered the Video BIOS Shadowing BIOS option.

24-10-2010

9.4

Covered the Video BIOS Cacheable BIOS option.

31-10-2010

9.5

Covered the VGA Share Memory Size BIOS option.

07-11-2010

9.6

Covered the USWC Write Posting BIOS option.

14-11-2010

9.7

Covered the USB Port 64/60 Emulation BIOS option.

20-11-2010

9.8

Covered the System BIOS Cacheable BIOS option.

05-12-2010

9.9

Covered the Synchronous Mode Select BIOS option.

12-12-2010

10.0

Covered the Suppress Unused PCI Slot Clocks BIOS option.

19-12-2010

10.1

Covered the SuperStability Mode BIOS option.

09-01-2011

10.2

Covered the SM I/O Buffers Control BIOS option.

15-01-2011

10.3

Covered the Share Memory Size BIOS option.

22-01-2011

10.4

Covered the Search for MDA Resources BIOS option.

30-01-2011

10.5

Covered the SDRAM Write to Read Command Delay BIOS option.

05-02-2011

10.6

Covered the SDRAM Write Recovery Time BIOS option.

13-02-2011

10.7

Covered the SDRAM Trrd Timing Value BIOS option.

20-02-2011

10.8

Covered the SDRAM Leadoff Command BIOS option.

26-02-2011

10.9

Covered the SDRAM RAS Pulse Width BIOS option.

06-03-2011

11.0

Covered the SDRAM RAS-to-CAS Delay BIOS option.

13-03-2011

11.1

Covered the SDRAM RAS Precharge Time BIOS option.

03-04-2011

11.2

Covered the SDRAM PH Limit BIOS option.

10-04-2011

11.3

Covered the SDRAM Page Closing Policy BIOS option.

17-04-2011

11.4

Covered the SDRAM Bank Interleave BIOS option.

24-04-2011

11.5

Covered the SDRAM Burst Length BIOS option.

01-05-2011

11.6

Covered the SDRAM RAS Precharge Delay BIOS option.

15-05-2011

11.7

Covered the SDRAM ECC Setting BIOS option.

22-05-2011

11.8

Covered the SDRAM Active to Precharge Delay BIOS option.

29-05-2011

11.9

Covered the SDRAM Bank-to-Bank Delay BIOS option.

05-06-2011

12.0

Covered the SDRAM Command Leadoff Time BIOS option.

11-06-2011

12.1

Covered the SDRAM Row Cycle Time BIOS option.

25-06-2011

12.2

Covered the SDRAM CAS Latency Time BIOS option.

03-07-2011

12.3

Covered the TM2 Bus VID BIOS option.

10-07-2011

12.4

Covered the Virtualization BIOS option.

17-07-2011

12.5

Covered the Vanderpool Technology BIOS option.

24-07-2011

12.6

Covered the V-Link 8X Support BIOS option.

31-07-2011

12.7

Covered the V-Link Mode Selection BIOS option.

07-08-2011

12.8

Covered the USB Mass Storage Reset Delay BIOS option.

14-08-2011

12.9

Covered the TV Standard BIOS option.

21-08-2011

13.0

Covered the SSE/SSE2 Instructions BIOS option.

28-08-2011

13.1

Covered the S2K Bus Driving Strength BIOS option.

11-09-2011

13.2

Covered the PCI Bus Parking BIOS option.

18-09-2011

13.3

Covered the PIRQ x Use IRQ No. BIOS option.

25-09-2011

13.4

Covered the On-Chip Frame Buffer Size BIOS option.

02-10-2011

13.5

Covered the Refresh Mode Select BIOS option.

09-10-2011

13.6

Covered the PEG/Onchip VGA Control BIOS option.

16-10-2011

13.7

Covered the PCI Clock Synchronization Mode BIOS option.

23-10-2011

13.8

Covered the MPS Control Version For OS BIOS option.

30-10-2011

13.9

Covered the Split Lock Operations BIOS option.

06-11-2011

14.0

Covered the Intel Dynamic Acceleration BIOS option.

12-11-2011

14.1

Covered the CPU On-Die Termination BIOS option.

27-11-2011

14.2

Covered the DBI Output for AGP Trans. BIOS option.

11-12-2011

14.3

Covered the Node Memory Interleave BIOS option.

18-12-2011

14.4

Covered the DRAM Ratio H/W Strap BIOS option.

25-12-2011

14.5

Covered the ARMD Emulation Type BIOS option.

01-01-2012

14.6

Covered the Interrupt 19 Capture BIOS option.

08-01-2012

14.7

Covered the Reserved Memory Size BIOS option.

15-01-2012

14.8

Covered the PCI Dynamic Bursting BIOS option.

29-01-2012

14.9

Covered the PSB Parking BIOS option.

05-02-2012

15.0

Covered the PCI Express Burn-in Mode BIOS option.

12-02-2012

15.1

Covered the PCI/VGA Palette Snoop BIOS option.

19-02-2012

15.2

Covered the Bypass Max BIOS option.

25-02-2012

15.3

Covered the DCLK Feedback Delay BIOS option.

04-03-2012

15.4

Covered the DVMT/FIXED Memory BIOS option.

11-03-2012

15.5

Covered the NX Technology BIOS option.

17-03-2012

15.6

Covered the Odd Divisor Correct BIOS option.

01-04-2012

15.7

Covered the FIXED Memory Size BIOS option.

08-04-2012

15.8

Covered the Delay DRAM Read Latch BIOS option.

15-04-2012

15.9

Covered the PCI Master Read Caching BIOS option.

22-04-2012

16.0

Covered the Bank Swizzle Mode BIOS option.

29-04-2012

16.1

Covered the Digital Locked Loop (DLL) BIOS option.

06-05-2012

16.2

Covered the Internal Graphics Mode Select BIOS option.

13-05-2012

16.3

Covered the CPU Direct Access FB BIOS option.

20-05-2012

16.4

Covered the DRDY Timing BIOS option.

27-05-2012

16.5

Covered the Asynclat BIOS option.

03-06-2012

16.6

Covered the DCQ Bypass Maximum BIOS option.

10-06-2012

16.7

Covered the CPU Hardware Prefetch BIOS option.

16-06-2012

16.8

Covered the CPU Thermal-Throttling BIOS option.

23-06-2012

16.9

Covered the CPU Differential Amplitude BIOS option.

30-06-2012

17.0

Covered the CPU Latency Timer BIOS option.

08-07-2012

17.1

Covered the CPU to PCI Post Write BIOS option.

15-07-2012

17.2

Covered the CPU to PCI Write Buffer BIOS option.

22-07-2012

17.3

Covered the CPU Adjacent Sector Prefetch BIOS option.

28-07-2012

17.4

Covered the Display Card Priority BIOS option.

04-08-2012

17.5

Covered the DVMT Mode BIOS option.

12-08-2012

17.6

Covered the NVIDIA GPU Ex BIOS option.

19-08-2012

17.7

Covered the PCI Master Bus TimeOut Control BIOS option.

26-08-2012

17.8

Covered the Graphic Win Size BIOS option.

02-09-2012

17.9

Covered the Graphic Window WR Combin BIOS option.

09-09-2012

18.0

Covered the Frame Buffer Size BIOS option.

16-09-2012

18.1

Covered the PEG Port VC1/Map BIOS option.

23-09-2012

18.2

Covered the No Mask of SBA FE BIOS option.

29-09-2012

18.3

Covered the L2 Streaming Prefetch BIOS option.

07-10-2012

18.4

Covered the DOS Flat Mode BIOS option.

13-10-2012

18.5

Covered the Byte Merge BIOS option.

21-10-2012

18.6

Covered the Chipkill BIOS option.

26-10-2012

18.7

Covered the K7 CLK_CTL Select BIOS option.

04-11-2012

18.8

Covered the FPU OPCODE Compatible Mode BIOS option.

11-11-2012

18.9

Covered the CPUID Maximum Value Limit BIOS option.

18-11-2012

19.0

Covered the ISA Enable Bit BIOS option.

25-11-2012

19.1

Covered the DQS Training Control BIOS option.

02-12-2012

19.2

Covered the DRAM Read Latch Delay BIOS option.

08-12-2012

19.3

Covered the DRAM Burst Length 8QW BIOS option.

16-12-2012

19.4

Covered the DRAM Ratio (CPU:DRAM) BIOS option.

23-12-2012

19.5

Covered the PreChrg to Act CMD BIOS option.

30-12-2012

19.6

Covered the DRAM Data Integrity Mode BIOS option.

06-01-2013

19.7

Covered the SDRAM Idle Limit BIOS option.

13-01-2013

19.8

Covered the DRAM Idle Timer BIOS option.

20-01-2013

19.9

Covered the SDRAM Row Active Time BIOS option.

03-02-2013

20.0

Covered the DRAM Act to PreChrg CMD BIOS option.

17-02-2013

20.1

Covered the SDRAM 1T Command BIOS option.

24-02-2013

20.2

Covered the SDRAM Cycle Length BIOS option.

03-03-2013

20.3

Covered the No-Execute Memory Protect BIOS option.

10-03-2013

20.4

Covered the Refressh Interval BIOS option.

17-03-2013

20.5

Covered the SDRAM Tras Timing Value BIOS option.

24-03-2013

20.6

Covered the SDRAM Trc Timing Value BIOS option.

31-03-2013

20.7

Covered the R/W Queue Bypass BIOS option.

07-04-2013

20.8

Covered the SDRAM Page Hit Limit BIOS option.

14-04-2013

20.9

Covered the OS Select For DRAM > 64MB BIOS option.

21-04-2013

21.0

Covered the SDRAM 1T Command Control BIOS option.

27-04-2013

21.1

Covered the DRAM Page-Mode BIOS option.

07-05-2013

21.2

Covered the Passive Release BIOS option.

12-05-2013

21.3

Covered the HPET Support BIOS option.

19-05-2013

21.4

Covered the ISA Shared Memory BIOS option.

25-05-2013

21.5

Covered the Hardware Prefetcher BIOS option.

02-06-2013

21.6

Covered the AGP Read Synchronization BIOS option.

09-06-2013

21.7

Covered the AGP Secondary Lat Timer BIOS option.

16-06-2013

21.8

Covered the PCI-E Compliance Mode BIOS option.

22-06-2013

21.9

Covered the PCI Pipelining BIOS option.

29-06-2013

22.0

Covered the PCI Latency Timer BIOS option.

06-07-2013

22.1

Covered the PCI 2.1 Compliance BIOS option.

13-07-2013

22.2

Covered the PCI Burn-in Mode BIOS option.

20-07-2013

22.3

Covered the PCI Delay Transaction BIOS option.

27-07-2013

22.4

Covered the PCI Master Bus Timeout BIOS option.

04-08-2013

22.5

Covered the PCI-E Max Read Request Size BIOS option.

11-08-2013

22.6

Covered the PCI Express Selector BIOS option.

18-08-2013

22.7

Covered the PCI IRQ Activated By BIOS option.

25-08-2013

22.8

Covered the PCI-E Reference Clock BIOS option.

01-09-2013

22.9

Covered the PCI IDE Busmaster BIOS option.

08-09-2013

23.0

Covered the PCI#2 Access #1 Retry BIOS option.

15-09-2013

23.1

Covered the Limit CPUID Max. to 3 BIOS option.

15-09-2013

23.2

Covered the Dithering BIOS option.

28-09-2013

23.3

Covered the LD-Off Dram RD/WR Cycles BIOS option.

06-10-2013

23.4

Covered the IGD DVMT Memory BIOS option.

13-10-2013

23.5

Covered the Direct Frame Buffer BIOS option.

19-10-2013

23.6

Covered the Disable Jitter BIOS option.

26-10-2013

23.7

Covered the Errata 94 Option BIOS option.

03-11-2013

23.8

Covered the Execute Disable Bit BIOS option.

10-11-2013

23.9

Covered the Errata 123 Option BIOS option.

17-11-2013

24.0

Covered the EPP Mode Select BIOS option.

23-11-2013

24.1

Covered the Gate A20 Option BIOS option.

01-12-2013

24.2

Covered the Force 4-Way Interleave BIOS option.

08-12-2013

24.3

Covered the Fast Write-to-Read Turnaround BIOS option.

14-12-2013

24.4

Covered the FSB Spread Spectrum BIOS option.

21-12-2013

24.5

Covered the Force Update ESCD BIOS option.

29-12-2013

24.6

Covered the HPET Mode BIOS option.

05-01-2014

24.7

Covered the N/B Strap CPU As BIOS option.

12-01-2014

24.8

Covered the Dynamic Idle Cycle Counter BIOS option.

19-01-2014

24.9

Covered the Anti-Dot Crawl BIOS option.

26-01-2014

25.0

Covered the IOQD BIOS option.

02-02-2014

25.1

Covered the Hard Disk Pre-Delay BIOS option.

09-02-2014

25.2

Covered the AGP Fast Write BIOS option.

16-02-2014

25.3

Covered the CPU Fast String BIOS option.

23-02-2014

25.4

Covered the CPU L2 Cache ECC Checking BIOS option.

02-03-2014

25.5

Covered the ASF Support BIOS option.

09-03-2014

25.6

Covered the Disable Unused PCI Clock BIOS option.

16-03-2014

25.7

Covered the Athlon 4 SSED Instruction BIOS option.

23-03-2014

25.8

Covered the Read Preamble Time BIOS option.

30-03-2014

25.9

Covered the L1 Data Cache Context Mode BIOS option.

05-04-2014

26.0

Covered the Delay Prior To Thermal BIOS option.

13-04-2014

26.1

Covered the EXT-P2P's Discard Time BIOS option.

20-04-2014

26.2

Covered the Burn-In Mode BIOS option.

27-04-2014

26.3

Covered the Dynamic Counter BIOS option.

05-05-2014

26.4

Covered the Differential Current BIOS option.

11-05-2014

26.5

Covered the Delayed Transaction BIOS option.

18-05-2014

26.6

Covered the ISA 14.318MHz Clock BIOS option.

25-05-2014

26.7

Covered the Hardware Prefetch Queue BIOS option.

01-06-2014

26.8

Covered the Errata 123 Enhancement BIOS option.

08-06-2014

26.9

Covered the MD Driving Strength BIOS option.

15-06-2014

27.0

Covered the Errata 94 Enhancement BIOS option.

22-06-2014

27.1

Covered the Fast R-W Turn Around BIOS option.

29-06-2014

27.2

Covered the Interrupt Mode BIOS option.

06-07-2014

27.3

Covered the SATA Operating Mode BIOS option.

13-07-2014

27.4

Covered the OS/2 Onboard Memory > 64M BIOS option.

20-07-2014

27.5

Covered the AGP Comp. Driving BIOS option.

27-07-2014

27.6

Covered the AGP Aperture Size BIOS option.

 
   
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Seagate FreeAgent GoFlex 1.5 TB Portable USB 3.0 Hard Disk Drive
OCZ Agility 2 (E) 60 GB Solid State Drive Review
Brando USB Chiller & Warmer Review
Nikon AF-S VR Zoom-Nikkor 24-120mm f/3.5-5.6G IF-ED Lens Review Rev. 1.1
Belkin Universal AC Travel Adaptor
Steelpad 4D Professional Gaming Mouse Pad Review
Hot Flashing Guide Rev. 2.0
Wacom Volito Tablet Review
1COOLPC Video-1-120 Cooler Review

 


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